U.S.-Cuba relations. What they’ve been in the past and a glimpse of where they could be heading.
U.S.-Cuba relations is no new topic, and one of the many questions being raised right now is just what the Trump administration may do in regards to Cuba during his presidency. Fidel Castro’s analogy of the U.S.-Cuba embargo being a “tangled ball of yarn” is an all too perfect one for relations in general. The history between these two countries is a lengthy and complex one, so here is a general outlook on what may come, with focus solely on a few basic questions and information, and how they parallel with the secretary of states recent Q&A answers that have been really stirring up this topic of discussion.
Does the U.S. government have the right to prohibit American tourists from traveling to Cuba?
The answer to this question can initially lay in the statement, “freedom of movement is a Democratic ideal”. However, both the U.S. and Cuba have been accused of violating this ideal. The difference is, Cuba is not a Democracy, so there for this is not an ideal they have, or really should even be expected to have or abide by. The Cuban government is a communist political party, constitutionally defined as a “Marxist-Leninist”; a socialist state guided by the principles and political ideas of Jose Marti, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, and Vladimir Lenin. However, there is a crime described in the Penal Code called Salida illegal del Pais meaning illegal exit from country. This stating also that there was/is a way to legally gain permission to leave the country. Emphasis on “legally gaining permission”. So while so far it may seem like the U.S. is in the wrong and Cuba is simply following the laws in place, whether they’re just or not, this argument can be take even deeper. Through the United Nations, there is the Universal Deceleration of Human Rights, which states that everyone has the right to leave any country including his own. So yes, both countries are violating human rights, whether or not they are violating the rights laid out by their government. Which puts the U.S. even further into the wrong for not only violating one of our own Democratic ideals , but a human right as laid out by the United Nations, in an attempt to maintain pressure on the Cuban Government.
Is it okay for the U.S. government to continue to try to strangle the Cuban economy and cause an upraise to bring Democracy if it hasn’t worked for over half a century and has caused suffering to the Cuban people?
This is yet another question with a seemingly obvious answer, but since the beginning of the embargo that has been the main blow to the Cuban economy, many different factors and incidents have made this much more than a no brainier and worth the debate. El bloqueu, as the Cuban people refer to the embargo, is actually considered one of the oldest and most comprehensive against any country. Having started in the Eisenhower presidency the embargo lasted through nine presidents until 2014 when Obama announced his plans to normalize relations with Cuba and end the embargo.This embargo put restrictions on numerous necessary goods over the years, such as medicine, sugar, grain, petroleum, and various other environmental dimensions. It had intense effects on Cuba’s capital stock in U.S. manufacturing in the 1960’s, left Cuba highly vulnerable during the depression of 1990’s and caused trade to fall drastically with Cuba and increase drastically with the Soviet Union; from 68% in 1956 to 0% in 1962 with the U.S. and from less than 1% in 1958 to 49% in 1962 with the Soviet Union. Cuba estimates that the cumulative cost of the embargo was $116.8 billion in 2014. Obama had it right when he said, “When what you’re doing doesn’t work for fifty years, its time to try something new”.
Rex Tillerson’s Latin America policy Q&A
The secretary of state was eventually plainly asked, “Do you stand by PEOTUS Trump’s commitment to reverse the Obama Administration’s Cuba regulation until freedoms are restored to the island”? Tillerman answered, “Yes. There will be a comprehensive review of current policies and executive orders regarding Cuba to determine how best to pressure Cuba to respect human rights and promote democratic changes“. Seems like its going to be 54 years of something that doesn’t work .
How I’d like to see the administration proceed with relations with Cuba
I believe its pretty clear that I agree with giving up on the relations and embargo’s of the past. Cuba needs help economically and with human rights, but harshly projecting your form of government onto another that has rejected it for so long will do no good. How we choose to help the people of Cuba needs to be handled much more meticulously if we plan to make any progress with them or provide any real help to the people. Its as if America still views Cuba as simply another port for sugar trade for them to try and “free” from the Spanish as they did during the “American Imperialism age”.